トランプ支持者」は理性的な一般市民

November 21, 2016

メディアの社説の多くは、トランプ支持者の意図をく一面的にしか伝えていない。人種間の分断も経済格差も不法移民問題も現実であるが、トランプ大統領の誕生は、無教養な低収入の白人労働者の怒り、疑念と絶望の発露ではない。保守的で勤勉な無名のアメリカ人の自国と世界の未来への希望の表明の結果である。

 

下記のFTの記事の中でMs Mooreが語る。レーガン信奉者の共和党員の様に「ほっといて」と。“I want my government to leave me alone, I don’t want my government doing for me what I can do for myself,” says Ms Moore. Spoken like a true Reagan Republican

 

 

中西部の1伝統的なアメリカ人は、小さな自由な政府を望む。中西部の文化が象徴するのは頑ななまでの自立心である。神への信仰と勤勉さと創意工夫だけを頼りに自ら切り開いて行く自立心である。

それは政府への疑念や公共の施策から取り残された疎外感ではなく、個人の生活を支配する権力への警戒と健全な懐疑、つまりはアメリカ伝統の保守主義である。彼らがトランプを支持したとすれば、怒りというより、リスクをとって自力で成功への道筋をつけた彼への尊敬と期待のほうが大きい。

経営者から低賃金の労働者から零細の自営業者まで、私企業で働くビジネスマンは誰もが日々グローバルな競争にさらされ、とくにアメリカではいつリストラされるか、あるいは新興国の競合にシェアをうばわれるかといった強迫観念と緊張感のなかで仕事をしている人が多い。だから本物の実業家が政治のトップに立てば、同じ規律と緊張感をもって政府のリストラを進め、商売をなるべく楽にしてくれるのではないかという期待があったのかもしれない。

リスクを張って市場で戦うすべての事業者同様、トランプも政府による数多くの規制にとまどい、多くの従業員を抱えながら訴訟も戦い、胃の痛い思いを何度もしてきたことだろう。チャレンジしては失敗し、それを繰り返して大きな事業を築き上げた。法人税のカットはもちろん、複雑な法務・労務・税務などのプロセスの簡素化も進めてくれるかもしれない。ギャンブル性の高い不動産業出身であることはかなり不安だが、卓越した交渉能力で通貨安競争に歯止めをかけ、公正な貿易条件を担保してくれるかもしれない。

 

 

【以下、Financial Times からの引用】

 

Stereotype-defying Trump voters have no regrets

Affluent white women did as much to elect the Republican as less-educated men

Read next

NOVEMBER 19, 2016 

by: Patti Waldmeir in Waukesha County, Wisconsin

Robin Moore is not unemployed, she isn’t a factory worker, she isn’t a white male, and in her sprawling ranch home in one of Wisconsin’s wealthiest counties, she definitely isn’t struggling to make ends meet.

She’s a wine consultant who makes her living selling Pinotage to the kind of people who made Donald Trump president, just as surely as Rust Belt males with grease on their shirts: educated, affluent white women, who helped deliver key Midwestern states to a Republican for the first time since the 1980s.

Stereotype-busting women like this elegantly made up, youthful-looking 53-year-old, former technology consultant did as much to elect the new President as those more commonly credited with his victory: white men without college degrees.

They helped drive one of the biggest political upheavals in modern US history. And what they think now matters more than it has done in decades: because Mr Trump is listening to them, and because his chief of staff, Reince Priebus, and speaker of the House of Representatives Paul Ryan both hail from the same neck of the Midwestern woods as Ms Moore, the far-flung suburbs of racially troubled, seen-better-days Milwaukee. 

But voters like Ms Moore — thoughtful, well-spoken people who contrast sharply with their brash, loud-mouthed, politically incorrect candidate — can be found all over the US. Exit polls show that those who gave Mr Trump his surprise victory came in every age and profession and every shade of temperament, from angry to fearful to frustrated. They were everyman and they were everywhere.

Mr Trump’s base defies generalisation — including generalisations about what it will do now that the President-elect is sanding down the rough edges of his more extreme campaign promises on everything from Obamacare, to immigration, to whether or not to lock up Mrs Clinton.

 

 

“We realise that there were things said on the campaign trail that you don’t take literally,” says Ms Moore, who claims to have no buyer’s remorse. Border control is a priority, she says, relaxing on her sun-flooded porch as a white bean, chicken chilli simmers in the crock pot.

She takes time out to apologise for the fact that her carpets are still damp because they were only cleaned the day before — by immigrants. “But if it’s a wall, if it’s a fence … maybe it’s just reinforcing the border patrol, maybe that’s all it’s going to take”, she says. Like many Trump supporters, she took Mr Trump seriously, but not literally, she expects him to have to compromise to get things

This is “flyover country”, a land of strip malls and cornfields, shooting ranges and putting greens, a down-home bit of the US between the elite, less conservative coasts.

Waukesha County, always a Republican stronghold, voted for Mr Trump by a larger than normal 2:1 margin in last week’s election — helping make up the 27,000 vote majority which put Mr Trump over the top in Wisconsin, where the Democratic vote was depressed by a 6.6 per cent drop in turnout.

Poverty in the county is about one-third the national rate, unemployment is just above half as high, and the proportion of immigrants is tiny. Still, immigration and jobs remain the top issues for local Trump voters. 

This is a place where loss of white privilege in recent decades has clearly touched a nerve, for Ms Moore as for many other Trump supporters. Katherine Cramer, University of Wisconsin expert on the state’s Trump voters, says many feel “the American dream is drifting out of reach for them…because minorities and immigrants have butted in line”.

But Ms Moore pushes back against the notion that what really motivated the tidal wave of Trump support in the Midwest was naked racism — a charge often levelled at the president-elect and his supporters.

“I’m tired of being told that because I didn’t vote for the first black President, I’m a racist, I’m not that. I’d be happy to have Condoleezza Rice as my first black woman president.”

She feels whites are victims of racism just as often as blacks these days: she chokes up when recounting how her husband, out of work for two years, lost out on jobs as a teacher and a firefighter because non-whites were hired instead. 

She blames what she sees as a deteriorating racial atmosphere squarely on President Barack Obama. “The only time he spoke against a violent act being committed was when it was done to a black person by a white person,” she says, pointing out that five years ago crowds of black youths attacked whites leaving the nearby Wisconsin State Fair. 

Ms Moore, herself the descendant of Swiss immigrants, says her ancestors “came in aspiring to be Americans”, but it annoys her that some more recent entrants don’t want to assimilate. “I have a problem with people coming in illegally, abusing our healthcare system, being given things that other people have worked for, social security benefits, being paid under the table and not paying taxes.”

“I want my government to leave me alone, I don’t want my government doing for me what I can do for myself,” says Ms Moore. Spoken like a true Reagan Republican — and with a touch of the Gipper’s optimism too: she says Mr Trump won’t even need two terms to accomplish it all. “He will get done what he’s talked about getting done in four years.”

Across the Trump coalition, from factory floor to wine warehouse, Trump supporters are betting that it will be morning again in the Midwest because of his victory — and far sooner than anyone could ever have imagined.

 

 

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